Possessives

Introduction to Possessives

For those of you that know French, this will be quite simple for you because possessives in Michif are almost the same.

In English possessives are something that goes in front of a noun to show who owns or has it as a possession.

For Example:

  • My car.
  • His dog.
  • Her daughter.
  • Our family.
  • Their parents.
  • Your sister.


In Michif it’s a little more difficult. We have to understand French a little to understand this grammar. Like French Michif uses masculine and feminine nouns. Depending on the gender of the noun. First here are the possessives in Michif.


Possessives

Introduction to Possessives

For those of you that know French this will be quite simple for you because possessives in Michif are almost the same.

In English possessives are something that goes in front of a noun to show who owns or has it as a possession.

For Example:

  • My car.
  • His dog.
  • Her daughter.
  • Our family.
  • Their parents.
  • Your sister.

In Michif it’s a little more difficult. We have to understand French a little to understand this grammar. Like French Michif uses masculine and feminine nouns. Depending on the gender of the noun. First here are the possessives in Michif.

English: Your (plural)
Michif: tes
Category: Introduction to Possessives

English: Ours
Michif: notre
Category: Introduction to Possessives

English: Theirs/ His/ Hers (Plural)
Michif: leurs / leurs
Category: Introduction to Possessives

My Masculine - we use moon.

A closer look at possessives!

The possessive pronoun we use depends on what or who is being possessed.

If I speak about my sister, I use ma.  If I speak about your sister I use ta. 

To further complicate things, if I speak about my brother, I use mon.  If I speak about your brother, I use ton


Listen to these phrases and notice the pronunciation of the possessive pronoun. We are just going to look at MY (moon, ma, mii) to give you an idea of how this all works.

The same theory can be applied to the other possessive pronouns that show gender (ton/ta, son/sa)

English: My father
Michif: Ni pawpaw
Category: My Masculine - we use moon

English: My son
Michif: Moon gaarsoon
Category: My Masculine - we use moon

English: My uncle
Michif: Moon nook
Category: My Masculine - we use moon

English: My husband
Michif: Moon vyeu
Category: My Masculine - we use moon

English: My brother
Michif: Moon frayr
Category: My Masculine - we use moon

My Feminine – we use ma

English: My mother
Michif: Ni mawmaw
Category: My Feminine – we use ma

English: My sister
Michif: Ma soeur
Category: My Feminine – we use ma

English: My aunt
Michif: Ma taant
Category: My Feminine – we use ma

English: My wife
Michif: Ma faam
Category: My Feminine – we use ma

English: My daughter
Michif: Ma fii
Category: My Feminine – we use ma

Plural – we use mii

When the subject is plural it doesn’t matter if the subject is male or female, a general possessive pronoun is used and there is no gender classification. See the examples below

English: My parents
Michif: Mii paraan
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My children
Michif: Mii zaanfaan
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My sons
Michif: Mii gaarsoon
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My daughters
Michif: Mii fii
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My brothers
Michif: Mii frayr
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My sisters
Michif: Mii soeur
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My cousins
Michif: Mii koozaen
Category: Plural – we use mii

English: My aunts
Michif: Mii taant
Category: Plural – we use mii