Past and future

Weather is something that we all talk about. It affects our daily activities and our conversations. In this section we are going to talk about weather with relation to past tense and to future tense. In Michif it is really quite simple.


Past tense formation

English: It rained
Michif: Kee-kimiwan
Category: Past tense formation

Future Tense Formation

English: It will rain
Michif: Ka-kimiwan
Category: Future Tense Formation

Past and Future

Now with the above information you will be able to talk about the weather of yesterday, today, and tomorrow. It really is quite simple. We can use the same prefixes for both verbs and adjectives. Lets take a closer look at how we can use these prefixes. Click on the icon so you can have a listen to what this all sounds like in Michif.

English: It rained
Michif: Keekimiwan
Category: Past and Future

English: It snowed
Michif: Keemishpon
Category: Past and Future

English: It was windy
Michif: Keeyotin
Category: Past and Future

English: It was sunny
Michif: Keewashaysquan
Category: Past and Future

English: It was hot
Michif: Keekikshitaow
Category: Past and Future

English: It was cold
Michif: Keekikshinaow
Category: Past and Future

English: It was cloudy
Michif: Keeiquashkwan
Category: Past and Future

English: It will be windy
Michif: Kayotin
Category: Past and Future

English: It will be sunny
Michif: Kawashayshqaun
Category: Past and Future

English: It will be hot
Michif: Kakishitaow
Category: Past and Future

English: It will be cold
Michif: Kakishinow
Category: It will be cold

English: It will be cloudy
Michif: Kaiquashkwan
Category: Past and Future

Lets build on this

You can now say whether an event is in the past or the future and if you add for information we can give more detail about what we are talking about. Look at the following sentences about the weather.

English: It will rain today
Michif: Kakimiwan anoush
Category: Lets build on this

English: It will be hot next week
Michif: Kakishitaow li smaen qui vyaen
Category: Lets build on this

English: It will be cold next month
Michif: Kakishinow li mwya qui vyaen
Category: Lets build on this

English: It will be sunny three days from now
Michif: Kawashayshqaun trwa jours oma oschay
Category: Lets build on this

English: It will snow next Wednesday
Michif: kamishpoun micradji qui vyaen
Category: Lets build on this

English: It will rain tomorrow
Michif: Kakimiwan demain
Category: Lets build on this

English: It snowed last month
Michif: keemishpon li mwya passai
Category: Lets build on this

English: It snowed last night
Michif: keemishpon yaer a swear
Category: Lets build on this

English: It was cold last month
Michif: keekikshinaow li mwya passai
Category: Lets build on this

English: It was hot last week
Michif: keekikshitaow le smaen passai
Category: Lets build on this

English: It was sunny two days ago
Michif: keewashaysquan deu jours passai
Category: Lets build on this

English: It rained last month
Michif: keykimiwan li mwya passai
Category: Lets build on this

English: It rained last week
Michif: keykimiwan le smaen passai
Category: Lets build on this

Asking questions

Now Lets look at how we can ask questions about past and future weather events! Listen to each of the question and the possible answers. This is just to give you an idea of how to ask and answer these questions. We will go into more detail about this in the future.

Also it is important to note that the michif word chee doesn’t have an English translation. It is a word used in Michif that shows that a sentence is a question. So, when you hear chee you can assume that what you are hearing is a question.

Listen carefully to the questions and answers below. Practice them too!

English: I think
Michif: Je pense
Category: Asking questions

English: Maybe
Michif: tad baen
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will rain tomorrow
Michif: Kitaytaen chee chekimiwak demain?
Category: Asking questions

English: No I don't think it will rain tomorrow
Michif: No, je panse pa chekimiwak demain
Category: Asking questions

English: Did it rain last week?
Michif: Keykmwan chee la smaen passay?
Category: Asking questions

English: No, I don't think it rained last week
Michif: No, je panse pa keykimiwak la smaen passay
Category: Asking questions

English: No, I don't think so
Michif: No, je panse pa
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will be cold next week?
Michif: Kitaytaen chee chikishinaak la smaen ki vyaen?
Category: Asking questions

English: No I think it will be nice next week
Michif: No, je panse kameugishigaow la smaen ki vyaen.
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will snow this winter?
Michif: Kitaytaen chee chemishpouk set ivair?
Category: Asking questions

English: maybe
Michif: Tad baen
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will rain later today?
Michif: Keykmwan chee chekimiwak plu tard anosh?
Category: Asking questions

English: Will it rain later today?
Michif: Kakimiwan chee plu tard anosh?
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, I think it will rain later
Michif: We, je panse ka kimiwan plu tard.
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will be windy next week?
Michif: Kakimiwan chee cheyotik la smaen ki vyaen?
Category: Asking questions

English: Will it be windy next week?
Michif: Kayotin chee la smaen ki vyaen?
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, I think it will be windy next week
Michif: We, je panse kayotin la smaen ki vyaen
Category: Asking questions

English: Do you think it will be nice on the weekend?
Michif: Kakimiwan chee chemeugishigkak dans la fai de smaen?
Category: Asking questions

English: No, I think it is going to rain
Michif: No, je panse kakimiwan
Category: Asking questions

English: No, I think it will be cloudy
Michif: No, je panse kaiquashkwan
Category: Asking questions

English: No, I think it will be cold
Michif: No, je panse kakishinow
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, I think it will be hot
Michif: We, je panse kakishitaow
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, I think it will be nice
Michif: We, je panse kameugishigaow
Category: Asking questions

English: DId it rain last week?
Michif: Keykimiwan chee la smaen passay
Category: Asking questions

English: No, it didn't rain last week
Michif: No, nemoya keykimiwan la smaen passay
Category: Asking questions

English: No, it was hot
Michif: No, key kishitaow
Category: Asking questions

English: No, it was quite nice
Michif: No, metonay kameugishigaow
Category: Asking questions

English: Was it cold last week?
Michif: Keykishinaow chee la smaen passay
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, but only one day
Michif: We, mackayaen kin journay
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, it rained last week
Michif: We, keykimiwan la smaen passay
Category: Asking questions

English: Yes, it was quite cold
Michif: We, keykischichik shinaow
Category: Asking questions